Bakshi Ghulam Mohammed set Kashmir on the road to progress, pulling its people out of the depths of ignorance,
hunger and backwardness. He gave a practical shape to the
ideal of "Naya Kashmir", remained steadfast on his
principles and earned enormous fame and goodwill at home
and outside Kashmir.
Jammu and Kashmir made tremendous all-round progress under
Bakshi Ghulam Mohammed. Targets were fixed and achieved or exceeded in
all productive sectors while new avenues of development
were identified and explored.
-The State income rose from a mere INR 2.5 lacs to over
INR 2 crores in a few years with the per-capita income
showing a corresponding increase.
-Education, which had hitherto remained the exclusive
privilege of a few rich families was made free and
compulsary from primary to university level. Interest-free
loans raised the number of techically qualified people
from only 57 in 1952 to 4770 in 1963.
-The system of forced levy of foodgrains known as Mujawaza
-The state got its first Medical College, an Regional
Engineering college, two agricultural colleges, two
polytechnics, an ayurvedic college as well as hundreds of
-Hospitals and dispensaries were set up throughout the
state and hundreds of doctors were trained within the
State or nominated to the best colleges in India.
-Roads were constructed and upgraded throughout the length
and breadth of the State. The Jawahar Tunnel, considered
a major technical achievement at the time, was
-Tourism infrastructure recieved a major boost.
-Power availability increased from 4,000 kilowatts to
-Several corporations were set up to develop the
industrial potential of the State.
-The salaries of government servants were trebled and
dearness allowance was introduced for pensioners.
-Housing schemes were started and over 30,000 homeless
persons were rehabilitated.
-The State Public Service Commision was constituted.
-The Academy of Art, Culture and Languages was set up and
the Tagore Hall was constructed.
-Chrar-e-Sharif, Pakherpora and other shrines were
beautified and connected through by motorable roads to
enable thousands of devotees to reach these holy places
-The first Multi-Storey Secretariat Building and Sports
Stadium in the state were constructed.
It is difficult to condense all the progress made during
the Bakshi Era (1953-1964) in a short space. For a more
detailed listing please click
What is amazing however is that he achieved all this with
The Central loans and grants recieved by the state from
just INR 75.34 crores and INR
27.38 crores respectively !
The introduction of planned progress in the State of Jammu
and Kashmir is the enduring legacy
of Bakshi Ghulam Mohammed to his