About Birds of Kashmir
The Kashmir Valley has been fabled down the ages for its natural beauty. It has best been described as an emerald set in pearls, with 'emerald' describing the lush, fertile Kashmir Valley and 'pearls' representing the lofty snow-clad Himalayan peaks that encircle it. The valley is home to a rich biodiversity which includes a large number of bird species, many of which are unique to Kashmir. Unfortunately it's environment is being seriously degraded by the combined onslaught of violence, pollution, global warming and habitat destruction due to human encroachment, unplanned tourism and deforestation.

India's best-known ornithologist Salim Ali once called Kashmir "heaven on earth for migratory birds". Indeed the local people are much more aware of the migratory ducks and geese rather than the resident species and not much seems to have changed from the 1890's when W.R. Lawrence commented that "birds have a happy and carefree existence in the country" .... "the Kashmiri knows little about birds ..... and though he takes considerable interest in the songbirds he is ignorant of the habits of the feathered kingdom."

Not surprisingly organised birding in the Valley is virtually non-existent and no bird-specific organisations exist.
My own efforts to create a project of this magnitude were kick-started by the realisation that my two sons could immediately identify an alien species like a Hornbill or Flamingo from a photograph in a book but could not name the liquid-voiced Golden Orioles [Posh-Nool] nesting in our garden.

This website is intended as a ready reference for birding enthusiasts. The long term goal is to document the bird species of Kashmir for posterity since bird populations [all wildlife populations in general] are rapidly declining throughout the valley. From its modest beginnings, this first-of-its-kind internet project - the Birds of Kashmir website - has gone on to receive international recognition and is linked to several of the leading avian databases on the internet. Along with the other sites on the Kashmir Network it is part of an excellent collection of resources for anyone interested in the natural history and culture of the Valley.

Credit is due to Dr. Riyaz Sadiq for the incorporation of bird-sounds into the descriptive pages and other valuable suggestions. I am also grateful to Mr. Krys Kazmierczak and the extremely helpful members of BirdForum and OrientalBirding for their invaluable help with hard-to-identify species. 

This website is primarily concerned with birds of the Kashmir Valley - which is one of the three divisions of the State of Jammu & Kashmir, the other two divisions being Jammu and Ladakh. Since the status of individual species is gleaned from the data for the entire state of Jammu & Kashmir there may be some discrepancies in the distribution details. For example the Eurasian Collared Dove is mentioned as a Common Resident but is actually a summer visitor to the Valley and completely absent during the winter months.

Comments and constructive criticism are welcome at

This site is dedicated to my sons - Kashmir's youngest birders.

All images on this site are covered under international copyright law.
Copyright violations will be pursued to the full extent permissible under law.




In his offline life, Bakshi Jehangir is a Radiologist and Healthcare Administrator working with the Health & Medical Education Department in Kashmir.  Professionally,  the use of technology to improve health care delivery is his major interest.

Dr. Jehangir is also a keen naturalist and digital photography enthusiast - both interests having combined to create this website. His bird photographs feature in international databases like the World Bird Guide, Oriental Bird Images and BirdForum.



  The Birds of Kashmir logo depicts the Black-necked Crane, one of the world's most endangered cranes, in flight. It is the official State Bird of Jammu & Kashmir.

With a total world wide count of only 5000-6000 birds, the Black-necked Crane is listed as globally threatened in the Red Data Book of the International Union for Conservation of Nature. The Tso Morari Lake in Ladakh is the only breeding ground for the Black-necked Crane outside China.


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