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  What are the official 'State Animal' and 'State Bird' of Jammu & Kashmir State?

  The official 'State Animal' and 'State Bird' of Jammu & Kashmir State are the Hangul and Black-necked Crane respectively.

 

The Hangul or Kashmir Stag [Cervus elaphus hanglu] is the only surviving race of the Red Deer family in the Indian sub-continent. Dachigam is home to the last viable population of Hangul in the world.

The Hangul was once distributed widely in the mountains of Kashmir but in recent years the population has drastically declined from its past distribution range. It is listed as an endangered species in the Red Data Book of the international Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN).

Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Suborder: Ruminantia
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Genus: Cervus
Species: C. elaphus
Subspecies: C. e. hanglu
Trinomial name:
Cervus elaphus hanglu

 

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Gruiformes
Family: Gruidae
Genus: Grus
Species: G. nigricollis
Binomial name:
Grus nigricollis

The Black-necked Crane [Grus nigricollis] is the official State Bird of Jammu & Kashmir. It is one of the world's most endangered cranes.

With a total world wide count of only 5000-6000 birds, the Black-necked Crane is listed as globally threatened in the Red Data Book of the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

The Tso Morari Lake in Ladakh is the only breeding ground for the Black-necked Crane outside China.


Black-necked Crane image courtesy Wikipedia/Stavenn:

 

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All photographs ? Dr. Bakshi Jehangir 2005 and beyond. Powered by The Kashmir Network



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